Promoting The Growth of Modern Agriculture That Is Linked to The Global Agricultural Value Chain in A Sustainable Way (22-11-2021)

The Prime Minister signed and approved a proposal to restructure the agricultural sector from 2021 to 2025 on February 25, 2021. As a result, the next century will promote the development of modern agriculture, renewable agriculture, and organic agriculture industries, as well as the development of the agro-processing sector, climate change adaptation, and sustainable connection with the global agricultural value chain.
Promoting The Growth of Modern Agriculture That Is Linked to The Global Agricultural Value Chain in A Sustainable Way

As a result, the agricultural sector aims to continue restructuring the agricultural sector toward sustainable agricultural development, improving the quality, added value, and competitiveness of agricultural products; environmental and ecological protection; improving income for people in rural areas; and ensuring food security and national defense during the period 2021-2025. Promote modern agriculture, renewable agriculture, and organic agriculture, as well as the growth of the agro-processing sector, climate change adaptation, and a long-term connection to the global agricultural value chain.

The agricultural sector, in particular, aims to achieve an average annual growth rate of value added of 2.5 to 3.0 percent by 2025. Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries (hereinafter referred to as agriculture) had a labor productivity growth rate of 7.0 to 8.0 percent per year on average.

The value of agricultural, forestry, and fishery products (agricultural products) produced through cooperation and collaboration exceeds 30%; the percentage of agricultural products produced through good or similar processes will reach over 25%; the value of agricultural products produced using high technology exceeds 20%. The added value of the agricultural product processing industry is growing at a rate of over 8.0 percent per year; the area of agricultural land used for organic production is about 1.5 to 2.0 percent of the total area of agricultural land; and the export turnover of agricultural products is growing at a rate of about 5.0 percent per year.

The proportion of agricultural labor in total social labor falls to around 25%; the rate of trained agricultural workers rises to over 55%; and more than 80% of agricultural cooperatives are operating effectively. In comparison to 2020, rural residents' income would rise by at least 1.5 times.

The proportion of organic fertilizer products in total fertilizer products generated and consumed has increased by over 15%; the amount of biological plant protection drugs allowed to be used has increased by over 30%; and the forest coverage rate has remained constant at 42 percent, increasing forest quality.

In agriculture, we're forming three commodity categories

One of the Plan's missions for 2025 is to structure the economy around three product categories: national product groups, key product groups at the regional level, and local specialty product groups.

For the group of national main products: To concentrate investment and growth in the direction of concentrated and large-scale crop production in cooperation with the agricultural product processing industry through a competitive supply chain linkage. Prioritize investment resources to promote synchronous mechanization, research and technology application, supply chain growth associated with the quality control system, food protection, traceability, and trade development. a nationwide brand. Strengthening regional and business relations to invest in the production of national main products; promoting foreign collaboration, investment promotion, and market development initiatives to reduce trade barriers and encourage exports.

Development orientation of national key product groups: rice, coffee, rubber, cashew, pepper, tea, fruit trees, vegetables, cassava, pork, poultry meat and eggs, pangasius, shrimp wood, wood products, NTFPs.

For the category of key agricultural products at the provincial level: Provinces have structures and policies that target investment resources to produce key agricultural products based on their benefits, specific conditions, and regional market demand. Promoting production in accordance with good and equivalent production practices, thus adhering to food safety and environmental regulations; improving processing to diversify ingredients, and developing goods with specific geographical signs and traceability.

For key products at provincial level with great potential for large-scale development, strengthening linkages between localities to establish focused commodity production areas, applying mechanization in accordance with the development of the agricultural processing industry, having policies, solutions, and tools to increase product size, efficiency, and branding to add to the national key product listwhen eligible.

For the group of local specialty products: Focusing on adopting mechanisms, policies, and solutions to improve product quality, manufacturing enterprise capability, and a step-by-step approach to competitive markets along the value chain. One product per Commune Program (OCOP) associated with the Program; prioritize the development of advantageous goods to promote identity, arouse people's ability, imagination, and pride, promote the association, and ensure community values in OCOP product development. associated with the creation of a new countryside, particularly the development of community-based tourism models in rural areas.

Perfecting goods in accordance with requirements, technological legislation, packaging, labeling synonymous with traceability, local logos, and trademarks; the the use of digital technologies in product management and trading to gradually promote the Vietnamese OCOP brand name in the domestic and export markets.

Restructuring production according to each field

As a result, to satisfy market demand, agricultural production should be restructured in the direction of reducing the proportion of production value of food crops to about 35%, short-term industrial crops to about 2.1%, and perennial industrial crops to about 14.5%, thus increasing the proportion of fruit trees to 21% and vegetables to 17%. This contributes to ensuring national food security in the new situation.

Effective land management and use specialized in rice cultivation, with the ability to switch between developing grain crops and food crops. To develop sustainable and ecological agriculture in order to satisfy consumer demands and to support tourism.

The average rate of growth in output value is 2.0 to 2.2 percent per year, and the average rate of growth in added value is 1.8 to 2.0 percent per year; by 2025, the value of harvested products per hectare of agricultural land would be about 120 million VND.

To modify the structure of livestock herds in order to reduce the proportion of pigs and increase the proportion of poultry and herbivores in the field of animal husbandry. By 2025, the production of carcasses of all kinds will range from 5.0 to 5.5 million tons, with pork accounting for 63 to 65 percent, poultry meat accounting for 26 to 28 percent, and grass-fed cattle accounting for 8 to 10 percent; the proportion of cattle and poultry slaughtered industrially is roughly 60 percent and 40 percent, respectively. The proportion of processed meat and poultry produced in addition to overall meat production ranges from 25 to 30%.

The average growth rate of output volume is between 4.0 and 5% per year, while the average growth rate of added value is between 3.5 and 4.5 percent per year. To develop livestock in the direction of industry, high-tech application, and recirculating husbandry in both professional farms and livestock households, while maintaining biosafety, disease control, and environmental friendliness.

In the fisheries sector, improve aquaculture and fishing in an effective and sustainable way, while protecting the ecological environment in accordance with international integration, national defense, and protection in marine areas and islands. Increase offshore farming by concentrating on high-value objects; organic aquaculture development. Increasing the effective and sustainable exploitation of marine products in the high seas on the basis of aquatic resource reserves; building of boat structures, occupation, assessing and allocating fishing quotas in compliance with the current situation, and permissible exploitation of aquatic resources. Reorganizing coastal and inland exploitation practices, as well as logical inland exploitation, by connecting fishermen's livelihood development with aquaculture and ecotourism.

The average growth rate of production value is between 3.5 and 4.0 percent per year, while the average growth rate of added value is between 3.3 and 3.8 percent per year. Restructuring production to increase the proportion of aquaculture production to around 60% while decreasing the proportion of exploited output to around 40%.

For forestry industry, protect and grow natural forests in a sustainable way for. Bringing the role of conservation and protection of the ecological ecosystem and habitats fully into action, contributing to the reduction of harm caused by natural disasters and responding to climate change. Continue to strengthen natural forest management and protection; research and establish mechanisms to enable the use of forest economic values to contribute to poverty reduction and socioeconomic growth in forested areas. Forestry economic creation that is sustainable; moving the growth paradigm away from area and volume expansion and toward improving production, efficiency, and added value of forestry products. Agroforestry, non-timber forest products, urban forestry, landscape, and forest-related sustainable tourism are all being created. Implement the policy of payment for forest environmental services in a timely and efficient manner.

The average growth rate of output volume is between 5.0 and 5.5 percent per year, while the average growth rate of added value is between 4.5 and 5.0 percent per year. Wide timber forest area accounts for approximately 30% of total newly planted forest area; planted forest productivity averages 20 m3 / ha / year. The area of production forest certified for sustainable forest management is approximately 0.5 million ha.

For salt industry, improving and modernizing facilities for the salt industry; implementing technological innovations to improve the capacity of commercial salt, clean salt; creating main industrial-scale salt production areas in the southern central provinces; drastically reducing the area of manual salt production, which is inefficient; transforming inadequate salt production areas to other areas with higher economic efficiencies. To prioritize the cultivation and processing of salt that contains many minerals and natural micronutrients with low NaCl content and is beneficial to health. The total area of salt production is approximately 14,500 hectares, the supply is 1.5 million tons per year, and the area of salt for commercial production is approximately 4,805 hectares.

Promote each region's potential advantages.

The agricultural sector makes the most use of the structure for the production of highly competitive goods, based on the possible development advantages of each region.

Encourage regional linkages in the growth of sustainable agricultural production among localities in order to capitalize on the advantages and potentials of each region and locality, especially in the Northern midland and mountainous zone, as well as the river delta region, North Central, South Central Coast, Central Highlands, Southeast, Mekong River Delta. 

To achieve the set goals, the agricultural sector has identified nine groups of restructuring options for the coming year:

First, continue to innovate and perfect structures and regulations, mobilize capital, and perfect legal policies on land in the direction of preserving and improving the productivity of agricultural land use, promoting and enabling agricultural land concentration and accumulation, and establishing conditions for versatile agricultural land use in order to coordinate production according to market demands and ensure adaptation to climate change.

In compliance with realistic requirements, review and complement credit policies for agricultural and rural production.

Develop and implement mechanisms and policies to promote and facilitate agricultural and rural growth progress, invention, and entrepreneurship; support access to science, technical, and business information; and research and transfer implementation of technological advancements.

Second, improve the level of science and technology research, transfer, and application; encourage the application of high technologies, emerging technologies, and information technology at all stages of the value chain; and connect synchronously with other industries and fields to create smart agricultural production. Natural resource productivity, labour efficiency, increased added benefit, and competition and sustainable development of the industry.

Third, improve the organizational productivity of development organizations, as well as the ability and involvement of farmers' cooperative organizations in coordinating the supply chain from input service provision to agricultural product manufacturing and market access.

Fourth, the development of agricultural and rural infrastructure, as well as commercial infrastructure in rural areas, is becoming more urban, ensuring the strengthening of regional connections.

Fifth, facilitate the growth of agricultural mechanization and the agricultural product processing industry, as well as the production of supporting industries and logistics services.

To increase the application of synchronous mechanization in all stages of agricultural development, storage, and processing that are acceptable for the conditions of each area, each type of plant, and each animal. Establish agricultural mechanization services industry associations, supporting businesses, and educate human capital to address the needs of expanding significant crop production in agriculture.

Sixth, introduce solutions to ensure food security and protection in a synchronous and dramatic manner. Reviewing and completing national technical guidelines and regulations on agricultural product and material quality control, as well as development technical processes, to ensure alignment with regional and international standards and the construction of technical barriers in compliance with international commitments that Vietnam has signed, in order to create favorable conditions for the expansion of agricultural export markets.

Seventh, to renovate and enhance the standard of human resource preparation for the industry, with an emphasis on training high-quality human resources for agricultural industrialization and modernization; priority is given to training human resources with high technical qualifications and appropriate qualifications in accessing new technology to make scientific breakthroughs.

Eighth, increasing international integration capacity; fully using business opportunities through free trade agreements and negotiated international commitments.

Ninth, protect rural infrastructure and the atmosphere, enhance climate change response, and prevent natural disasters. Increase the effectiveness of lobbying and lobbying in raising consciousness of rural environmental security.

Le Mai (theo

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