The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the consumption of seafood in the first quarter of 2021, and the price of aquatic products dropped dramatically (for example, the price of tuna dropped from 92,000 VND to 97,000 VND/kg). In March 2021, the production of marine products was estimated to be 21,160 tons, with 1,290 tons of tuna production. The first three months of this year are expected to produce 46,045 tons of seafood, up 2.3 percent from the same time in 2020 (45,000 tons), with tuna production forecast at 3,020 tons, the same as in 2020 (3,017 tons).
In general, fishing vessels leaving the port of docking have been inspected properly, and fishermen have complied completely with the provisions of Circular No. 21/2018/TT-BNNPTNT, especially the 01-hour notice, recording and submitting the log of service, and being fully fitted before leaving the port. As a result, there were departing ships and docking ships which have been reviewed since the beginning of 2021, ensuring the rate is as stated. Binh Dinh Fisheries Department completed procedures for removing ineligible fishing vessel registrations, checking technical safety, and issuing a technical safety certificate ship to qualify in the first three months of the year.
They are assigned the responsibility of being on duty of the shore station to communicate 24/24 to control the weather situation at sea, monitor the ship's activity, and to avoid floods and storms in the fisheries sector. Three fishing boats caught fire in the first three months of the year while anchored in the Tho Quang boat docking area in Da Nang; There were 08 incidents at sea but there was no loss of life.
Co-manage and protect aquatic resources by mobilizing the overall community
Localities throughout the province have been led by the Sub-Department of Fisheries (Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Binh Dinh Province) to establish plans and registration material for the implementation of the all people conservation of aquatic resources movement with participation of 31 communes/wards. As a result, the Sub-Department has assigned local staff to closely monitor and support each locality's work on aquatic resource protection. The Fisheries Department has collaborated with the Fisheries Association and the Quy Nhon City Economic Division to organize the implementation of activities to develop co-management models under the Fisheries Law 2017.
Results: According to the 2017 Fisheries Law, the People's Committee of Quy Nhon City agreed to assign management rights to community groups in four communes/wards to enforce co-management and conservation of aquatic resources. This community organization creates a work plan for 2021 in order to ensure that events are carried out in compliance with the City People's Committee's approved plans. They have specifically assisted Community Organizations in four communes/wards in developing dossiers for the establishment of a local community support fund for coral reef conservation in accordance with Decree 93/2019 / ND-CP.
Binh Dinh also focuses on biodiversity conservation, the preservation of rare aquatic species, and the creation of community livelihoods. The importance of protecting rare and endangered aquatic species (particularly sea turtles) has been widely promoted among fishermen. Awareness of the people has been raised markedly. The Sub-Department propagated and mobilized a fisherman in Cat Tien commune in March 2021 to hand over a market-purchased sea turtle (of the turtle species) to the natural marine environment. In particular, there was an article on environmental conservation and aquatic resources in the first three months of the year. There is an article on the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Newsletter of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the website and newsletter of Lien Binh Dinh Science and Technology Association, Quy Nhon City's website portal, Binh Dinh Newspaper, Natural Resources and Environment Newspaper.
Actively implement the Fisheries Law 2017
From the beginning of the year until now, the Fisheries Department of Binh Dinh Province has strictly enforced the following regulations to prevent illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing: Providing information to the Provincial Police and the Provincial Border Guard Committee in order to consolidate records and manage the case of a fishing vessel captured in international waters: Arrested for carrying out the revocation of a fishing vessel's fishing license in international waters; Publish information about illegal fishing vessels in the newspapers (IUU).
Installation of cruise monitoring equipment on fishing vessels, as well as management, operation, and use of a fishing cruise monitoring system: The funding support for cruise monitoring equipment for more than 3,000 ships has been authorised by the Provincial People's Committee. Until now, all ships in the province operating on the high seas with a length of 15 meters or more have been equipped with cruise monitoring equipment in accordance with regulations. The Fisheries Department is on duty 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to track, receive information, locate, and manage fishing vessels that violate the law at sea, or fail to operate or disable cruise monitoring devices while at sea.
Law enforcement at sea and warnings to fishing vessels through the fishing vessel surveillance system: A number of ships have been detected and warned outside of Vietnam's free fishing zone since the beginning of the year. The Sub-Department immediately notified the shipowner and captain of the return to Vietnamese waters and reminded them that they must not enter international waters; send a list to People's Committees of communes and wards in coordination with Border Guard stations, relevant units to organize work, inform and review the ship's captain violating, and request that he sign a commitment not to repeat the offense; send a list to the Provincial Border Guard Command, the Provincial Police to coordinate in verifying and proposing to handle each violation according to regulations. At the same time, the fishing port management boards, IUU groups of the Sub-Department, Stations, and Border Control Stations in the real province are being directed to place alert fishing vessels on the List of fishing vessels at high risk of IUU violation. When the ship departs and returns, it is subjected to a complete inspection. In addition, the Department of Fisheries has advised Binh Dinh province's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development to send the list to other provinces' Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development, as well as the Command of the Border Guard in the southern provinces, to suggest coordination in inspection and monitoring in real time.
The Fisheries Department has worked with focal officers of district, town, and city People's Committees to inform ship owners or family members as soon as possible. Call the shipowner and request that they check, contact the fishing vessel to turn on the equipment, and telegram the equipment supplier for specific inspection and verification and know he reason for the disconnection of the equipment installed on that fishing vessel.
Linking chain of tuna exploitation and consumption
The province has decided that Mai Tin Binh Dinh Food Company Limited, a purchasing firm, will chair the association. As a result, the Company signed an agreement with the Binh Dinh Center for Agriculture and Rural Planning to write a project on tuna exploitation and consumption chain. The Fisheries Department collaborated with the Center for Agriculture and Rural Planning and Mai Tin Company on January 28, 2021, to work with 30 tuna fishing vessel owners in the tuna fishing chain. In the Hoai Nhon area, Mai Tin Company has signed a contract to purchase tuna with two buying agents and 30 ship owners. Following the signing of the contract, fishing vessels operating in the early 2021 sold fish to Mai Tin Company and purchased tuna at a higher price than the floor price for both types of products A and B.
Entering the first month of the second quarter
Binh Dinh province will concentrate on handling fishing activities in April 2021 by introducing technical safety checks for fishing vessels (ensuring sufficient information equipment). Check the safety equipment on fishing boats at sea; Monitoring the situation of fishing production (with special attention paid to newly constructed fishing vessels, according to Decree 67/2014 / ND-CP); Continue to implement Decision 48/2010 / QD-TTg. At the same time, the provine will well implement aquatic resource protection and growth, particularly the movement of the entire population to participate in aquatic resource protection, and continue to improve co-management models in the province.
In addition, the province is conducting a review of fishing vessels in the province that do not have fishing permits and directing the relevant procedures. If the fishing vessel is damaged and cannot be restored, the owner will be directed to follow the specified procedures to delete the fishing vessel registration. The shore station's 24-hour cruise monitoring system was organized to collect, process, and provide information on cruise monitoring data, as well as coordinate with appropriate agencies and units to manage ships that breach approved sea boundaries, fail to maintain service, or disable cruise monitoring equipment while at sea.
For the most important activity of fishing: The Fisheries Department of Binh Dinh will develop a “Plan to Implement the Fisheries Law 2017 and Fight Illegal Fishing without Reporting and Not in Compliance with Annual Regulations 2021,” which will be sent to the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development for approval. All at the same, The Fisheries Department of Binh Dinh swork with shipowners and captains of warned ships, lose connections in order to consolidate records, and recommend penalties. Cases of fishing vessels violating international waters should be treated with extreme caution; unauthorized fishing vessels should be disclosed (IUU).
Le Mai (theo tongcucthuysan.gov.vn)