Accordingly, the task of making the Plan for protection and exploitation of aquatic resources is approved with the scope being inland water bodies, territorial waters and islands in the territory of Vietnam. In particular, the object of the Plan is defined to include: Marine conservation area, aquatic resource protection area, restricted-time exploitation area, artificial residence area for aquatic species; Fishing output, are fishing ships, subjects, labor, infrastructure for fishing, ...
The goals are to ensure the efficiency of fishing operations, associated with the protection, conservation, restoration, development of fisheries resources, development of sustainable and responsible fisheries; environmental protection, adaptation to climate change, in line with international integration requirements; national defense and security on the seas and islands under Vietnam's sovereignty, sovereignty and national jurisdiction.
Regarding specific objectives, to build a set of specific targets and indicators on protection and exploitation of aquatic resources for each period in the planning period (2021-2030 and 2031-2050); to formulate a plan to organize the space for exploiting aquatic resources suitable to each sea area and each sea area, in association with the number of fishing vessels operating according to their trades, lengths and subjects of exploitation for each period in the prescribed period. (2021-2030 and 2031-2050 periods).
In addition, the task of making a master plan for the protection and exploitation of aquatic resources sets the goal of developing a plan to protect, preserve and develop aquatic resources in each ecological region and the sea area for each period. period in the planning period (period 2021 - 2030 and 2031 - 2050). The system of logistics service facilities is planned for nationwide exploitation and protection of resources for each period in the planning period (period 2021 - 2030 and 2031 - 2050). This is one of the urgent goals in the coming time to develop the exploitation field effectively and sustainably.
The elaboration of a planning for protection and exploitation of aquatic resources must meet the basic contents. In particular, there is an in-depth investigation and survey to supplement data for planning. Specifically, the content of surveys, surveys on fisheries socio-economy (including fishing activities and fisheries management); identify geographical locations, boundaries, areas, maps and objects of conservation in areas with the potential to establish marine conservation zones; determining geographical location, boundaries, areas and maps of artificial residence areas for endangered precious and rare aquatic species, aquatic species of economic, scientific and indigenous aquatic species value, endemic aquatic species in the sea; determine geographical locations, boundaries, areas, maps of aquatic resource protection zones and areas where there is a definite time limit for aquatic resource exploitation in inland areas.
Regarding the scope of the survey, survey, with the sea, additional surveys in 11 areas with the potential to establish a marine conservation area include: Long Chau Islands (Hai Phong), Hon Ngu - Island Eye ( Nghe An); coral reefs nearby Hon La - Dao Yen (Quang Binh); Son Tra peninsula (Da Nang); Tam Hai island commune (Quang Nam); Vung Ro and surrounding reefs (Phu Yen); Cu Lao Xanh (Binh Dinh); Hon Khoai archipelago (Ca Mau); Hon Son island, Lai Son commune (Kien Giang); Hon Me (Thanh Hoa); Phu Quy (Binh Thuan). Additional survey and survey in 35 coastal areas where the concentration of young aquatic species with economic, scientific value, indigenous aquatic species, endemic aquatic species, aquatic species Endangered, precious and rare.
With inland areas, conducting surveys and surveys to supplement information in the concentrated aquatic breeding areas, the young aquatic areas are concentrated in the water bodies, including: Da river, Gam river, Lo river , Thai Binh river, Rang river, Van Uc river, Ma river, Krong Ana river, Yaly lake; analysis and evaluation of natural conditions, results of surveys and assessments of aquatic resources; current status of management, exploitation and protection of aquatic resources; ...
Analysis and evaluation of natural conditions, results of surveys and assessments of aquatic resources; current status of fisheries resources management, exploitation and protection: Current status of survey and survey results; reserves, distribution and ability to exploit aquatic resources; the status of marine conservation zones, aquatic resource protection zones, aquatic species already stored with varieties and genes, and commercial breeds already produced; current status of aquatic product production and exploitation, including fishing means and output, growth rate of fishing value, infrastructure of offshore fishing logistics services; organizational system for management, exploitation, protection and development of fishery resources.
Regarding the orientation of protecting and exploiting aquatic resources, developing development orientations in the periods of 2021-2030 and 2031-2050; building proofs of development plans and options