Disease Prevention, Monitoring, And Control of Dangerous and Emerging Diseases in Cultured Aquatic Products Are Given Top Priority (08-04-2021)

Deputy Prime Minister Trinh Dinh Dung signed Decision No. 434 / QD-TTg on March 24, 2021, approving the "National plan to prevent and monitor a range of dangerous diseases in aquaculture, period 2021-2030'. In which the names of dangerous and emerging diseases in farmed aquatic products are identified, with priority for disease prevention and control.
Disease Prevention, Monitoring, And Control of Dangerous and Emerging Diseases in Cultured Aquatic Products Are Given Top Priority

For brackish water shrimp (white shrimp, tiger shrimp), follow these instructions: White spot disease (WSD), acute hepatopancreatic necrosis (AHPND), necrosis of hematopoietic organs and muscles epithelial organ (IHHND), and bacteriophage (EHP), disease caused by DIV1 (DIV1), necrosis of hepatopancreas (NHP), hepatopancreatic atrophy (HPD), muscle necrosis (IMN).

Farmed Tra fish: Liver, kidney disease (ESC), hemorrhagic disease. Lobster: Milk disease (MHD-SL). Clam, shrimp, oyster: Disease caused by Perkinsus (agent P. marinus, P. olseni). Prawns / grouper, seabass, cobia: Neuro-necrosis disease (VNN). Carp, float, sesame: Spring hemorrhagic disease in carp (SVC), disease caused by Koi Herpes virus (KHV), bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus bacteria. Salmon: Necrosis disease of hematopoietic organs (IHNV). Tilapia, red tilapia: Disease caused by TilV (TiLV) and bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus bacteria. Giant river prawn: White tail disease (WTD).

In addition, according to Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development regulations and OIE / NACA's alert, there are a number of other dangerous pathogens and emerging diseases.

Implement the National Plan 2021-2030 synchronously and effectively

The Prime Minister requires the Ministers (the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Finance, Planning and Investment, Information and Communications) and other relevant ministries and branches; Standing National Steering Committee against smuggling, trade fraud and counterfeiting; Heads of central media agencies; Chairpersons of People's Committees of provinces/ centrally-run cities and concerned organizations and individuals are responsible for the implementation of this Decision. Specifically, based on the Plan's contents, central and local agencies establish specific strategies in accordance with current conditions to coordinate the synchronous and efficient implementation of prevention and control measures for a variety of dangerous diseases in aquaculture from 2021 to 2030.

For the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD): Assume primary responsibility for the national plan's content and coordinate its execution. Make an annual funding forecast for the implementation of the National Plan's contents under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development's tasks for general synthesis in the ministry's estimate, and send it to the Ministry of Finance for submission to competent authorities for approved in accordance with the State Budget Law and guiding documents balance and allocate investment capital in annual and medium-term public investment programs, and budget within the assigned projections for the National Plan's implementation. The MARD have to report to the Prime Minister on the implementation results; at the same time, to assume primary responsibility for, and to summarize and report to the Prime Minister on the results of the National Plan's implementation at ministries, departments, and localities on an annual basis, as well as to summarize the entire period.

Annually, MARD takes the initiative in conducting sampling to track the circulation of agents of dangerous and emerging diseases on aquatic products in order to detect disease outbreaks, as well as to direct and coordinate successful aquatic disease prevention. Develop and implement a strategy to monitor the spread of harmful and emerging fish pathogens in key aquaculture areas, and enterprises having seafood production chains for export.  To assist, encourage, and inspect localities in the planning, sampling, and monitoring of aquatic pathogen circulation. At the same time, establish plans and coordinate active surveillance across the country in accordance with OIE guidelines for a variety of dangerous and emerging disease pathogens to serve as scientific evidence that Vietnam is safe of these pathogens.

In addition, professional support in the process of building disease safety facilities to support export promotion, consideration and selection of establishments and production chains of shrimp and catfish for export to support disease surveillance. Assume primary responsibility for, and collaborate with provincial and city People's Committees in selecting main areas for shrimp, tra fish farming, and shrimp farming areas with high technology applications to help the implementation of the proactive epidemic surveillance disease strategy, with the aim of constructing an disease safety facilities in accordance with regulations. Organize information and propaganda about aquatic disease prevention and control. Take the lead in proposing and implementing research tasks on aquatic animal diseases that are harmful or emerging; efforts to prevent and monitor aquatic diseases; and the use of information technology in outbreak prevention.

Review, develop, and issue biosafety regulations for aquatic disease laboratories; management and decentralization of aquatic disease laboratories; probiotics management; and aquatic disease test kits management. Research, consider, and connect to the effort to build Vietnamese criteria for the diagnosis of dangerous diseases in aquatic animals; organize the examination and inspection of aquatic disease laboratories in order to ensure compliance with legislation governing disease detection, testing, and reporting. At the same time, regulations on disease safety regions and facilities are being reviewed, amended, and supplemented, including regulations on a roadmap for aquatic animal processing and supply establishments to be used as breeders to meet disease safety requirements. There are businesses in communities that are constructing disease safety seafood supply chains and production chains that follow the OIE's export recommendations to create a buffer zone around the chain to ensure disease safety compliance with regulations. Develop policies that promote and sustain businesses and farmers in their efforts to establish disease safety seafood production bases and chains.

In addition, to direct and encourage localities to incorporate the contents in accordance with the National Plan's provisions; to coordinate the National Plan's preliminary and final reviews; and disease safety production facilities and chains are being directed, trained, and evaluated for export. Building regions, supporting disease safety fisheries processing establishments and chains; implementing international cooperation activities to encourage seafood export from Vietnam to other countries; asking for and cooperating with international organizations and countries providing both financial and technical support to coordinate the implementation of measures to prevent and monitor aquatic diseases.

The Prime Minister also requested the People's Committees of provinces / cities to direct the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and related units to organize the implementation of professional tasks according to the guidance and direction of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Animal Health and Directorate of Fisheries. Annually assign the provincial veterinary agency to develop, apply to the local competent authorities for approval, allocate funds, and coordinate the implementation of the plan based on the actual aquaculture practice in the region. In key aquaculture areas, high-tech aquaculture areas, and aquatic breed production establishments, a proactive monitoring plan for aquatic pathogen circulation has been established.

Select a number of seafood producers and aquatic seed production establishments in the region, in particular, to support disease monitoring and technical support in the process of disease safety building. Organize the construction of zones, disease safety facilities, and disease safety base buffer zones based on local needs and services, as well as the demands of businesses and aquaculturists under the guidance of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and recommendations from the OIE. In the period 2021-2030, organize propaganda, training, and training on the prevention and control of dangerous diseases in aquaculture in accordance with the national plan and local management requirements.

For aquaculture producers, organizations, companies, and associations: Actively collaborate with central and local professional units to disseminate information, provide guidance, and encourage organizations and individuals to achieve success. Members and associations of associations take an active role in the execution of the National Plan. Disease surveillance plans must be actively developed by aquatic seed production establishments and companies manufacturing aquatic goods for export, and the requirements for disease safety accreditation must be perfected in accordance with regulations.

Aquaculturists, especially those producing aquatic breeds, and establishments with export seafood production chains: Under the supervision of a veterinary specialist organization, develop proactive strategies and coordinate the monitoring of the circulation of aquatic diseases in their establishments; Allocate funds and services to the National Plan's implementation. When businesses and farmers identify irregular or suspicious signs of illness, they must immediately alert local authorities and veterinary authorities at all levels. All cases of abnormally dead aquatic animals and fish displaying signs of disease at the farm are monitored, samples taken, and tests run to ascertain the pathogen (if any). In compliance with existing laws, reporting and exchanging knowledge on aquatic diseases.

To effectively implement the "National plan to prevent and control a number of dangerous diseases in aquaculture, duration 2021-2030," in addition to the funding sources allocated Central budget / Local budget / Joint Enterprises, will mobilize more from other resources, including strengthening calls for nations, international organizations (FAO, OIE, NACA, etc), and donors to help funding and technology for activities. prevention and control of aquatic diseases in Vietnam.

Decision 434 / QD-TTg will go into effect on March 24, 2021.

Le Mai (theo tongcucthuysan.gov.vn)


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